World Tuberculosis day 2017
World TUBERCULOSIS Day falls on March 24 every year, that aims to raise public awareness of tuberculosis and the efforts made to prevent and treat this disease. It marks the day in 1882 when Dr Robert Koch detected the cause of tuberculosis, the TB bacillus.
Theme for Tuberculosis day 2015
The global campaign for World Tuberculosis Day has had different themes and slogans over the years.
The theme of the World TB Day celebration of the year 2015 would be “Reach, Treat, Cure everyone”.
What is tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by various strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis typically attacks the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable.
The most common symptoms of TB are:
- Coughing that lasts three or more weeks
- High temperature or fever
- Chest pain
- Cough, possibly with bloody mucus
- pain with breathing or coughing
- weight loss
- Night sweats
- Loss of appetite
How tuberculosis is transmitted?
- TB is primarily an airborne disease. The bacteria are spread from person to person in tiny microscopic droplets when a TB sufferer coughs, sneezes, speaks, sings, or laughs.
- Only people with active TB can spread the disease to others.
- The amount of time, the environment, and how sick the person is all contribute to whether or not you get infected
- In most cases, your body is able to fight off the germs
Tuberculosis remains an epidemic in much of the world, causing the deaths of nearly one-and-a-half million people each year, mostly in developing countries.
TB is NOT spread by
- skin contact like shaking someone’s hand
- sharing food or drink
- touching bed linens or toilet seats
- sharing toothbrushes
- Using public telephones
Some people at higher risk for developing active TB are:
- Infants and children aged less than 4 years
- People infected with HIV
- People who became infected with TB bacteria in the last 2 years
- People who inject illegal drugs
- People who work closely or live close to a person with infectious tuberculosis.
- Persons who have poor nutritional status
- People with diabetes, and people with chronic renal failure
- People with weakened immune system
- Elderly people
- People who were not treated correctly for TB in the past
- Avoid exposing yourself to people with active TB
- Lead a healthy lifestyle
- People with latent tuberculosis infection — when there are no symptoms or active disease — should take medication to prevent it from becoming active tuberculosis disease.
- People with TB should take all medications as required.
- People at risk for or who have been in contact with people with tuberculosis infection should be tested.
- Work on improving your immunity by including diet rich in antioxidants.