World No Tobacco Day 2017
World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) is observed around the world every year on May 31. It is intended to encourage a 24-hour period of abstinence from all forms of tobacco consumption around the globe. The day is further intended to draw attention to the widespread prevalence of tobacco use and to negative health effects, which currently lead to nearly 6 million deaths each year worldwide, including 600,000 of which are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke. The member states of the World Health Organization (WHO) created World No Tobacco Day in 1987. In the past twenty years, the day has been met with both enthusiasm and resistance around the globe from governments, public health organizations, smokers, growers, and the tobacco industry.
Smoking is a worldwide hazard. It is a single most important cause of preventable premature death. According to WHO figures there are about 1.3 billion smokers in the world. 20 billion cigarettes are sold every day. Smoking is declining in US and many other western countries In USA smoking rate have decreased to almost half over the last three decades but it is on the rise in developing countries like Pakistan, India, Philippine, Thailand and Cambodia . In some developed countries in far East like Japan and China more than 60 % of male population smokes. One third of the world population smokes, 12 % of them are women and every day 100,000 kids are added to this number. Every year 5.6 million people die of tobacco/smoking related diseases. Every 6 second a current or former smoker dies. 70 % of smokers die younger than normal population. Smokers die 15 year younger than non smokers. In 21st century, 1.3 billion people will die of smoking.
How smoking kills?
LUNG CANCER: 90% of people who develop lung cancer are current or former smokers.
- Risk for lung cancer increases with number of cigarette smoked (1 pack per day smoker is at higher risk than half packs per day smoker) longer one has smoked more is the risk for lung cancer ( a person who has smoked for 20 years is at a higher risk than one who smoked for 10years).
- In USA, lung cancer causes more deaths than breast cancer, prostate cancer and colon cancer together
- Smoking known cause of many other cancers like throat cancer, oesophageal cancer, stomach cancer, cancer of pancreas, breast cancer, kidney cancer and prostate cancer.
Other Lung Diseases:
- Smoking causes medical conditions called emphysema and bronchitis (COPD).
- In these conditions the lung tissue is permanently damaged, as a result patient
- Develops cough, difficulty in breathing and may develop symptoms which mimic asthma.
Patient gets lung infections (pneumonia) easily. In this case, lung cannot make enough oxygen which, ultimately, leads to breathing failure and death.
- Tobacco smoking is a leading cause of heart attack. Smokers have twice risk of fatal heart disease.
Tobacco smoke has chemicals which cause hardening of the blood vessel with plaque formation (atherosclerosis) which blocks the blood supply to the heart muscle resulting heart attack and death.
Stroke: Smoking increases the risk of stroke. Smokers have three fold risk of stroke. 15% deaths due to stroke are smoking related.
YES,YOU CAN QUIT….
- “I CANT QUIT,” is the most common response when a smoker is asked to quit.”YES YOU CAN QUIT,” should be the answer.”HOW?”By understanding the ill effects of smoking and also that you are not only poisoning yourself, but also your family and friends by giving them second hand smoke. There is help available in form of counselling by physicians, by nicotine products like nicotine patches, nicotine gum, and nicotine spray, and two drugs namely Bupropion and Varenicline. They help by preventing withdrawal symptoms by nicotine dependence. If a patient is motivated with the help of a physician, and one of these medications, he may able to quit.Role of society and government:
- Being a big source of revenue, there is a lack of desire to discourage tobacco use.
- Society in general is not fully aware of smoking/tobacco related hazards.
- There is a dire need of aggressive anti-smoking awareness campaign, involving civil society, media, business community, school, college and university students. Government needs to strictly implement already exciting anti-smoking laws which prohibit smoking in public places