Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calcium and bone protein causes osteoporosis
- Certain medications can cause osteoporosis. These include heparin ,anti seizure medications phenytoin and phenobarbital, and long term use of corticosteroids
- Lack of oestrogen in the body
- Chronic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and chronic hepatitis C
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Lack of weight-bearing exercise
- Poor nutritious diet or malabsorbtion
- Heavy smoking
- Heavy drinking
- Family history
- Female gender
Usually, there are no symptoms of osteoporosis.
- Loss of height
- Change in posture
- Shortness of breath
- Bone fractures.
- Pain in the lower back.
- Consume diet with sufficient vitamins, minerals, etc. to keep your bone healthy. Have more of fresh fruits, colored vegetables like capsicum, leafy greens, purple cabbage and broccoli.
- Have enough calcium rich food.
- Exposure to early morning sunlight for just 10 minutes everyday can effectively replenish and maintain Vitamin D levels in the blood.
- Indulge in healthy lifestyle and exercise.
- Strength training exercise is also key to prevent osteoporosis.
- If you are already suffering from Osteoporosis, arrange your house in such a way that you are not prone to falls and accidents.
- Maintain an ideal weight for height so that the bones of your lower body do not have to bear the extra kilograms/pounds.
- Avoid alcohol and smoking.
- Do not ride on bumpy road or uneven surfaces where risk of fall is high.
- Do not lead sedentary life.
- Avoid bending and excessive rotation of the spine.
- Avoid high impact exercise