The human body needs iodine for producing the thyroid hormone which is essential to control the body’s metabolism. Iodine deficiency can cause Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD)
Importance of iodine in human body
Iodine is one such mineral that is mandatory for the production of thyroid hormones namely T3 and T4. Iodine helps in
- Regulating thyroid hormone production
- Ensuring a balanced metabolic rate
- Protein metabolism
- Bone growth and
- Brain development
- Neurodevelopment during pregnancy
- Improving birth weight
- Improving cognitive function
When iodine levels in the body are less than expected, iodine deficiency disorders can occur. Some of the most common IDD are:
- Neuromuscular weakness
- Hearing impairment
- Speech impairment
- Low intelligence levels
- Vision impairment
10. Iodine deficiency during pregnancy can affect the child growing in the womb as well.
FOOD RICH IN IODINE
1. Seaweed– Seaweed is a good source of antioxidants, vitamins and minerals
2. Cod– Cod is a versatile white fish .It is relatively low in fat and calories but offers a wide variety of minerals and nutrients including iodine.
3. Dairy– Dairy products are major sources of iodine.
4. Iodized Salt
5. Shrimp– Shrimp is a low-calorie, protein-rich seafood that is a very good source of iodine
6. Tuna– Tuna is also a low-calorie, high-protein, iodine-rich food. Furthermore, it is a good source of potassium, iron and B vitamins
8. Prunes– Prunes are plums that have been dried.
Prunes are a good vegetarian or vegan source of iodine. Five dried prunes provide 13 mcg of iodine, or about 9% of the daily value