WORLD ARTHRITIS DAY

World Arthritis Day is celebrated every year on 12th October.

Facts:

  • The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis. Other common forms include gout, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus. 

DEFINITION

Inflammation of joint is called arthritis. It can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness and pain in and around the joint.

CAUSES

  • The most common type of arthritis, osteoarthritis involves wear-and-tear damage to your joint’s cartilage This wear and tear can occur over many years. It causes changes in the bones and deterioration of the connective tissues that attach muscle to bone and hold the joint together. It also causes inflammation of the joint lining.
  • In rheumatoid arthritis, the body’s immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule
  • Some types of arthritis run in families,
  • People who have already injured a joint, are more likely to develop arthritis in that joint
  • People with obesity have a higher risk of developing arthritis.

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

  • Pain
  • Stiffness when you wake up or after you’ve been sitting for a while
  • Swelling
  • Grating — you might feel things rubbing together inside the joint
  • Redness
  • Decreased range of motion.The symtoms may vary or added based on the type of arthritis

Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Joint pain, swelling and tenderness
  • Morning stiffness for at least 30 minutes
  • More than one joint affected, especially small joints in your hands, wrists, and feet
  • The same joints on both sides of the body are affected

 

Symptoms of Infectious Arthritis

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Joint inflammation
  • Tenderness
  • Sharp pain that is related to an injury or infection elsewhere in your body.

TREATMENT

Medications

The medications used to treat arthritis vary depending on the type of arthritis. Commonly used arthritis medications include:

  • Painkillers. 
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). 
  • Counterirritants. 
  •  Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). 
  • Biologic response modifiers. 
  • Corticosteroids. 

Physical therapy can be helpful for some types of arthritis. Exercises can improve range of motion and strengthen the muscles surrounding joints. In some cases, splints or braces may be warranted.

DO’S & DONT’S / PRECAUTIONS

  • Reduce over weight and maintain healthy weight.
  • Take healthy diet. Foods to minimize or avoid if you have arthritis include fried foods, processed foods, dairy products, and high intakes of meat.
  • Regular exercise will keep your joint healthy which include both strengthening and flexibility exercise.. Do daily, gentle stretches that move your joints through their full range of motion.
  • Keep your joints moving which helps to reduce stiffness
  • Maintain good posture always.
  • Staying active is important, but you should also be sure to rest when you need to and avoid overexerting yourself. Know your limits. Balance activity and rest, and don’t overdo.
  • Change lifestyle to ease pain.
  • Quit smoking. Smoking causes stress on connective tissues, which can increase arthritis pain.
  • Avoid activities that involve high impact and repetitive motion, such as:Running, Jumping, High-impact aerobics etc