Epilepsy is a central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness.

Key facts

  • Around 50 million people worldwide have epilepsy, making it one of the most common neurological diseases globally.
  • The risk of premature death in people with epilepsy is up to three times higher than for the general population.
  • It is estimated that up to 70% of people living with epilepsy could live seizure- free if properly diagnosed and treated.
  • In many parts of the world, people with epilepsy and their families suffer from stigma and discrimination.


An estimated 25% of epilepsy cases are preventable.

  • Prevent head injury to prevent post-traumatic epilepsy.
  • Adequate perinatal care to reduce epilepsy during birth.
  • Use drugs to reduce body temperature of a feverish child can reduce the chance of febrile seizures.
  • The prevention of epilepsy associated with stroke is focused on cardiovascular risk factor reduction, e.g. measures to prevent or control high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity, and the avoidance of tobacco and excessive alcohol use.
  • Central nervous system infections are common causes of epilepsy in tropical areas,. Elimination of parasites in these environments and education on how to avoid infections to reduce epilepsy worldwide


  • Stay calm and remain with the person.
  • If they have food or fluid in their mouth, roll them onto their side immediately.
  • Time the seizure, if you can
  •   Keep the person safe, move away from harmful or sharp objects.
  • Place something soft under their head and loosen any tight clothing.
  • Do not put anything into their mouth or restrain or move the person, unless they are in danger.
  • Do not put any objects in their mouth
  • STAY with them until they are awake and alert after the seizure..
  • Gently roll the person onto their side after the jerking stops.
  • Take them to hospital if it last for more than 5 min or if there is any breathing difficulty.